The IIHS is wild about the Mitsubishi () Outlander, which landed Top Safety Pick Plus designation after scoring the highest. The Peugeot is a city car produced by French automaker Peugeot, and was officially . The was replaced by the Peugeot , which was launched in July “Pannenstatistik – Kleinstwagen”, ADAC Motorwelt, May , retrieved ; ^ “Euro NCAP results for Citroen C1 five-door LHD hatchback”. The Mini Hatch also known as Mini Cooper, Mini One, or simply the Mini, is a three-door hatchback first introduced in late , with a second generation launched in and a third generation model launched in .. Breakdown statistics reported by the German Automobile Club (ADAC) in May placed the Mini at.
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A convertible version was introduced inwith the second generation following in The new model built by BMW is technically unrelated to the former. The first new generation Mini Hatch was introduced in latebeing the first model launched under the Mini marque after panndnstatistik original Mini was discontinued in the same year.
In some European markets, the Mini One was powered by a 1. There are numerous styling and badging differences between the models, including the Cooper Pannesntatistik having a distinctive scoop cut into the bonnet. The Cooper S also has twin exhausts which exit under the centre of the rear valance.
The non-S Cooper has more chrome parts than the Mini One and has a single exhaust.
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The Mini One D has no visible exhaust pipes at all. The Mini Hatch US: Hardtop was designed by Frank Stephenson and drew inspiration from the original two-door Mini. During this development phase, there was continual contention between the two design groups, especially concerning the positioning of the car; Rover wanted a straight economy car, whilst BMW supported a small, sporting car. However, the American chief designer, Frank Stephenson, realised that the model did not have an exhaust pipe.
The first generation of the new Mini received a facelift in July for the upcoming model year. This was also when the new convertible was introduced; it was never available with the pre-facelift design.
Aside from minor design changes mostly up front and improved equipment, the Rover R65 manual gearbox was replaced with a Getrag five-speed. The vehicles produced during the to model years included four hatchback models UK and some international markets: Hardtop, other markets just plain Mini: The car complied with Japanese Government dimension regulations and the introduction of the Mini coincided with several vehicles in Japan that exhibited a retro look that Japanese car companies were offering.
The names Cooper and Cooper S are the names used for the sportier version of the classic Mini, which in turn come from the involvement of John Cooper and the Cooper Car Company. A race-prepared version, with rear-wheel drive, called the Mini Cooper S3, competed in the Belcar championship from Hand-finished by Bertone in Italy, it was offered as a limited-production run of cars during the model yearwith of those originally intended for the UK market, although ultimately, were sold.
Mechanically, it has a less restrictive intercoolerrecalibrated pannenstafistik management, high-volume injector nozzlesand a freer-flowing exhaust system. All models used a transversely-mounted 4-cylinder engine driving the front wheels.
All 4 wheels are pushed to the corners of the body to improve handling. The styling of the car, like that of the Volkswagen New Beetleis a retro design that is deliberately reminiscent of the original Mini.
The retro styling retains other classic Mini touches such as contrasting roof colours, optional bonnet stripesoptional rally lights, and black trim around the wheel arches and rocker panels that mimic the wide wheel flares found on many classic Minis.
All Minis had a drive by wire electronic throttle, anti-lock brake electronic brakeforce distributionand BMW Cornering Brake Control. The addition of a supercharger to the Mk I Cooper S required that the battery be relocated into the rear of the car — leaving no room for a spare tyre, so the S models came with run-flat tyres.
Key Production Associates from affected areas in the pannensgatistik process at Plant Pannenststistik were seconded to IDG for the duration of the build to ensure a smooth integration of the new model back in Oxford. An economical version called the First was added in The second generation was again offered in Japan at Japanese BMW locations 24 Februaryand it continued to be in compliance with Japanese Government dimension regulations which supported sales of both the hatchback and the convertible.
The second generation Convertible was unveiled at the Detroit Auto Show  and the Geneva International Motor Show  as a model-year vehicle first available for sale on 28 March . The model has a device, marketed as the “Openometer”, which records panbenstatistik number of minutes the vehicle has operated with its roof retracted. Though the Mk II has a familiar look, every panel on the new car was changed from the previous model.
New safety requirements resulted in the overall length increasing by 60 millimetres 2. The headlights themselves are now fixed to the front quarter panels pannenstaristik than being integrated with the bonnet, so that they are not raised up with it when the bonnet opens. The car has a restyled grille and larger rear light clusters.
The Cooper S retains the bonnet scoop in order to keep an association with the outgoing model — although the relocation of the intercooler to the front of the engine means that the scoop is now purely decorative. In addition, the Cooper S no longer has the battery located under the boot floor, instead being found in the more conventional location under the bonnet.
The C-pillars are no longer encased in glass and have been shaped to improve aerodynamics and to reduce the tendency for dirt to accumulate on the back of the car. Much criticised for the lack of rear legroom, Mini added more space for rear passengers by creating pabnenstatistik cut-outs in the rear of the front seats. An engine start button replaces the conventional ignition key and, with the optional ‘Comfort Access’, the car may be unlocked with a button on the door handle when the key is brought close to the car.
The Cooper and Cooper S models offer a new rear axle and aluminium components to reduce the car’s weight; and a Sports kit option comprising harder springs, damper and anti-roll bars is offered with both variants.
Another key difference is the introduction of an upgraded electric power steering system, the sharpness of which can be increased by pressing a “Sport” button in front of the gear lever both auto and manual ; additionally, the “Sport” button adjusts the response of the acceleratorand in conjunction with automatic transmission, also allows the engine to rev almost to the redline before pannenstatisgik gear. Fuel economy of It achieves similar improvements in fuel economy to the Cooper, returning Both engines may be mated to either a 6-speed manual or automatic gearbox.
All models of the Mk II with optional dynamic stability control DSC also include “Hill Assist”, which prevents the car from rolling backwards on an incline by holding the brakes for 2 panndnstatistik after the driver releases the brake pedal, allowing the driver time to engage the accelerator pedal without the vehicle drifting.
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DSC is standard on all Minis since September The interior of the Mk II echoes the style of the earlier model, but is in fact a complete redesign. The boot of the new car has an additional 10 litres 2. Other changes in design – both visible and otherwise – have contributed to the Mini’s recently awarded five stars in the Euro NCAP tests.
One example is the higher front bonnet, which now complies with the European pedestrian collision regulations. Breakdown statistics reported by the German Automobile Club ADAC in May placed pqnnenstatistik Mini at the pannenstatisti of the small car class in respect of the low break-down rates achieved for cars aged between 0 and 4 years,   narrowly beating the Ford Fusion and Mitsubishi Colt.
In Julya new budget version called Mini First was added. Similar to the One, but lower output 1.
The model adacc marketed as a more environmentally friendly option with low grams 4. In springa new diesel Mini Cooper SD was launched. With a new four-cylinder 2.
Fromchameleon paints were offered in Asia  and Pannenstatixtik. The R56 Challenge has a six-speed manual transmission; inch Borbet wheels with Dunlop control slick racing tyres; John Cooper Works aerodynamic kit including front splitterrear diffuserand high-downforce, adjustable rear wing ; race-specific AP Racing ABS braking system ; KW suspension rebound; height- and camber-adjustable coilover suspension ; full roll cage ; Recaro bucket seat with six-point safety belt; HANS device ; Sparco racing steering wheel; air jack system; and a fully electronic fire pannenstatidtik system.
The car has a 1. All JCW models are only available with a specific Getrag 6-speed manual transmissionand come with distinctive “John Cooper Works” badging in place of the normal “Cooper S” badging. The JCW vehicles are also factory-built, which further distinguishes them from earlier Mk II Cooper S models with any of the available John Cooper Works accessories engine and suspension pannenstatiwtik, aerodynamics kit, etc.
These figures are achieved by reducing compression ratio to This is a limited-edition originally planned to be units, then subsequently increased to of the John Cooper Works Hardtop. The production vehicle was inspired by John Cooper’s son, Mike.
The car was unveiled in Mini United Festival in Silverstone. The GP is a fast road and track focused performance edition, and a celebration before the new Mini variant arrives.
Styling features include specific vinyl 20133 on pannenstatisstik bonnet, roof, and door panels, GP badging on the boot lid. Interior includes a new gearknob, leather with red stitching, rear upper pannentsatistik bar non-structural and GP badging on the dash. All units were produced in the same specification, with the only option from new being an all-weather tyre, rather than the semi-slick tyre developed by Kumho.
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Left and right hand drives of this model exist. The old tradition of producing special, limited-edition Minis was also continued with the new Mini. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Mini brand, two models were released in At the London Olympic Gamesa set of quarter scale remote-controlled Minis delivered throwing equipment, loaded into the car through the sun roof, to the athletes.
In commemoration of Mini being an official partner of Team GB, an Olympic-themed special limited edition Mini Cooper was released, with a white roof featuring the London Olympic logo, and the London skyline printed on the dash. The third generation Mini was unveiled by BMW in Novemberwith sales starting in the first half of The increase in size results in a larger interior and a boot volume increase to litres.
Six all-new engines are offered for this Mini, 4 petrol, and 2 diesels: These engines are mated with a choice of either a 6-speed manual, a 6-speed automatic, or a 6-speed sports automatic gearbox. It is marketed as a 5-door version of the new 3rd generation Hatch. Inthe LCI brought twin turbos to the 3-cylinder diesel engines, albeit with no changes in output. The 6-speed Steptronic torque-converter was also replaced by a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission in all models but the Cooper SD and JCW, with the latter now fitted with a 8-speed Steptronic auto.
These changes alllow for improved efficiency and better emissions test results in the NEDC cycle, as well as marginally improved performance. The shape is slightly more rounded than the one it replaces, in order both to improve the car’s aerodynamic efficiency and to enhance pedestrian protection in the event of accidents.
It has a much longer overhang and higher bonnet. Criticisms of the design of the F56 MINI Cooper have focused upon the extruded and complex design of the front bumper in Cooper S and JCW variants, as well as the larger front overhang and oversized tail lamps.
Further criticism has also centred upon the overstyled nature of the exterior design. The Mini is also the first in its segment to offer LED headlamps for its main and dipped beams as an option. With its larger exterior dimensions, the all-new Mini provides more space for its four occupants and luggage, with enhanced shoulder space and larger footwells. The dashboard retains its instrument layout, but adds a new instrument binnacle on the steering column for the speedometer, tachometer, and fuel gauge.
The central instrument display now houses a four-line TFT display with the option to upgrade to an 8. Between and2.
The Mini brand enjoyed paradoxically strong sales and customer loyalty in the US, while at the same time being rated worst for problems found in the JD Power survey. InMini ranked last, 37 out of 37 brands, in the JD Power Initial Quality Survey, having landed second to last the previous year. The survey gives the same weight to problems from something being broken, and problems due to the car owner finding them difficult to use, unfamiliar, or confusing.
The quirky controls found in Minis, such as non-standard windshield wiper or interior lighting switches, were counted both as “problems” that hurt Mini’s ranking in the Initial Quality Survey, and also as distinguishing “idiosyncrasies” that, over time, made owners grow to love the cars.
This contributed to brand loyalty and relatively strong sales, and expanding the number of US Mini dealerships, in the midst of the recession and automotive industry crisis of —